Useful InformationClient - Attorney confidentiality in Italy: core value of democracy or just window dressing ?
Confidentiality between defense lawyer and client is protected under Italian law, but practice shows the the protection can easily be bypassed.
ArticlesTreatment of classified information before the ECJ
In the post 9/11 context of global terrorism and global counter-terrorism, the question of secrecy, usually grounded in national security-related concerns, has become one of the most interesting legal issues....
JudgmentsEU rights of the defence (CJEU, 550/07)
It must be recalled that in all proceedings in which sanctions, especially fines or penalty payments, may be imposed observance of the rights of the defence is a fundamental principle...