"Our form of government does not enter into rivalry with the institutions of others. Our government does not copy our neighbors', but is an example to them. It is true that we are called a democracy, for the administration is in the hands of the many and not of the few. But while there exists equal justice to all and alike in their private disputes, the claim of excellence is also recognized; and when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is preferred to the public service, not as a matter of privilege, but as the reward of merit. Neither is poverty an obstacle, but a man may benefit his country whatever the obscurity of his condition."
Pericles, Funeral oration, 431 BC.
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The ethical code regulates the relationship between an attorney and his client, and the relationship between attorneys and the judge.
Judicial systems of the European Union countries
The international protection seeker is a person who has applied for international protection and is awaiting the decision of recognition of refugee status or another form of protection.
Italian lawyers ("avvocati") have gained the necessary qualification in Italy, which requires completion of an undergraduate law degree (Laurea in Scienze Giuridiche, three years), a graduate law degree (Laurea Specialistica in Giurisprudenza, a two...
“No one can be punished if not in compliance with a law that was in force before the act was committed”
The Italian prosecutor embodies a peculiar combination of official duties and actual practices: he is formally a member of the judiciary independent of the political branches; he is charged with...
All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with respect for their human rights: prison conditions that infringe prisoners’ human rights are not justified by lack of resources.
Every year, millions of people across Europe – innocent and guilty – are arrested and detained by the police.
Torture, inhuman or degrading treatment cannot be inflicted even in circumstances where the life of an individual is at risk and being absolute, there can be no weighing of other...